In some situations, the use of UV/EB systems can reduce a manufacturing facility's environmental footprint. For example, by replacing thermally-cured solvent or waterborne inks, coatings and adhesives with UV/EB curing systems a facility can not only reduce volatile organic compounds (VOC) emissions, but can also significantly reduce energy demand and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

The very high solids and low to zero VOC or HAPs content of UV/EB formulations have led to its recognition by regulatory agencies as a Clean Air Technology, Best Achievable Control Technology (BACT), a "super-compliant" technology and a lowest energy demand technology.

Reduced Emissions
UV Curing Technology: A Route to Solvent-Free Adhesives and Coatings - Webinar. 2014. Stephen Cantor.
Have you ever had a chip in your windshield repaired? Have you ever noticed the coating on a computer board or on a book jacket? How does the metal needle used in a syringe bond to the plastic hub or how do you attach a glass base to a goblet to form a wine glass? The answer is the use of ultraviolet/visible technology which requires no solvents and is the "greenest" way to produce adhesive bonds and coatings. Stephen Cantor's presentation of this technology is useful to engineers, chemists, and artists. His lecture describes the chemistry and processes.

Enabling Clean Air Manufacturing with UV & EB Technology – Rules & Planning Panel Discussion - Webinar. 2014. Joe Lyou, Jack Broadbent, Laki Tisopulous, Lonnie Murphy & Rita Loof
This webinar is a broadcast of the Rules & Planning Panel Discussion taking place during the Enabling Clean Air Manufacturing with UV & EB Technology. The panel discussion covers rules, policies, issues, and more with participation from local and national regulatory and environmental leaders.

Staying in Compliance and in Business with UV/EB - Webinar. 2013. Rita Loof
Regulations play a prominent role in shaping business decisions and spark end user interest in UV/EB technology. An end user is not only subject to VOC regulations but also toxics and greenhouse gas requirements. Find out regulatory trends that can give UV/EB technology an advantage. California usually leads the nation in setting emission standards. This presentation will highlight key California policies as well as upcoming national issues such as energy efficiency, which can be used as tools to make the case for conversion to UV/EB processes.

UV/EB Technology A Way to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions. 2005. RadTech Technical Committee. RadTech Report, May/June.
With new efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions on the immediate horizon, this paper explains that businesses can rely on UV/EB technology as an integrated part of their total environmental solution.

UV&EB in the Flooring Industry – Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions & HAPS. 2007. Jeffrey S. Ross. RadTech Report, July/August
This article reviews and highlights some of the efforts of Armstrong World Industries Inc. to globally deploy UV/EB technology as part of its overall environmental strategy. It is adapted from a presentation delivered at a RadTech trade show, which built on some previously published commentary and case study work.

A Case Study – UV Processes and a Corporate-Wide Green Movement. 2007. Tom Pearsall & Chris Mirt. RadTech Report, November/December.
Columbia Forest Products, in partnership with R & D Coatings, developed technology for a UV-curable stain that is 100 percent solids coating that contains no solvent, thus eliminating the need for VOC regulations. This article discusses the advantages of the technology.

Eliminating Air Pollution (VOC & HAP) at the Source Through the Use of Ultraviolet or Electron Beam Polymerization. Alexander Ross.
The paper explores the development of UV/EB technology which has succeeded in the generation of solventless, liquid products that perform as well or better than their solvent-based counterparts as paints, coatings, inks and adhesives without the emissions into the atmosphere. This involves a basic change in the composition and chemical reactivity of resin ingredients.

Breezing through Clean Air Act Permitting with UV/EB Coating – A Users Guide. RadTech International North America
This document provides information about the Clean Air Act (CAA) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's regulations under the CAA and discusses various means of complying with the requirements through the installation of ultraviolet/electron beaming (UV/EB) technology.

Low-Emission Technologies: A Path to Green Industry. 2005. Ronald Golden. RadTech Report, May/June.
This paper reports on several case studies of successful industrial applications of solvent-free UV energy curing "green" technologies to quantify the achieved environmental and economic benefits.

Pollution Prevention Benefits Speak for Themselves. 2005. Martha Marrapese. RadTech Report, November/December.
A new generation of end users, state regulators, and the public are now "discovering" the P2 benefits of UV/EB. The most well-recognized P2 benefit results from the high solids and low VOC content of the ingredients in a UV/EB coating, adhesive or ink. This article highlights the regulations recognizing these benefits.

California Regulatory Agency Chooses UV Technology. 2005.
When first evaluating environmentally friendly--low volatile organic compound (VOC)—coatings to refinish their outdoor patio benches, the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) of Southern California considered solely water based coatings. SCAQMD sought alternatives which could endure the outdoor exposure, and help the agency assess the feasibility of environmentally friendly architectural coatings. Ultraviolet coatings turned out to be such an alternative, offering not only a clean process, but a superior protective finish at reasonable cost.

Clean Air Awards for UV & EB Technology. 2005.
RadTech was awarded "Excellence in Advancement of Air Pollution Technology," at the 17th Annual Clean Air Awards by the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD), in Los Angeles, CA.

UV/EB Gains Regulatory Recognition. 2001. Rita Loof. RadTech Report, May/June. Government agencies are recognize the advantages of source reduction as compared to pollution control. The fact that UV/EB has been written into various air regulations attests to the emerging importance of pollution prevention.

Energy Use
What's the Score? Ron Golden. 2012. RadTech Report, Issue 3.
This paper outlines a method for calculating a first-order estimate of the relative energy requirements for thermal and UV/EB-curing of inks, coatings and adhesives from a limited number of prior publications that include quantitative data for side-by-side comparison of each process.

Renewable Materials
Biobased Materials for UV Coatings. 2014. Mary Kate Davies & Joshua Lensbouer. RadTech Report. Issue 1.
After decades of work and hurdles are overcome, industry is beginning to see commercialization of biobased materials. With that, the UV/EB-curable industry stands to benefit from these materials. This paper focuses on the progress and future opportunities of biobased materials for UV coatings.

Renewable/Sustainable Product Development: Green Chemistry vs. Energy-Curing Blues. 2010. Michael L. Gould. RadTech Report, July/August.
It is widely assumed that bio-renewable (e.g., vegetable-based) raw materials utilized in the development of sustainable (i.e., nonpetroleum based) products will deliver acceptable performance at lower cost than current raw materials. This paper highlights product development features of the oversimplified puzzle that is "sustainability."

Recyclability of UV and EB Printed and Coated Paper. 2005. David J. Korn. RadTech Report, May/June.
The studies presented in this paper were performed by the Beloit Corporation, Fiber Systems Division, in Pittsfield, MA. They represent a series of pilot deinking trials performed on printed and coated paper containing a variety of ink and coating combinations. Included in the evaluation of the more widely used "conventional" ink systems were UV/EB cured inks and coatings.

Cleanup & Disposal
Guidance on Cleanup and Disposal of UV/EB-Curing Waste Materials. 2010. RadTech Fact Sheet.
RadTech compiled this document to help users and converters of UV/EB raw materials and formulated products ensure that proper waste cleanup and disposal considerations are taken into account.

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